Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Automobile Engineering Berlin, Germany.

Day 2 :

Keynote Forum

Sivarao Subramonian

Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia

Keynote: Transformation of pneumatic tire towards modular airless wheel system

Time : 10:00-10:40

OMICS International Automobile 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Sivarao Subramonian photo
Biography:

Sivarao Subramonian is an Inaugural Director for Commercialization Centre at Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, who is responsible in churning high impact innovation,Intellectual properties & Commercialization from R&D activities. He is serving industry and academic since year 1989, completed his BE, ME, PhD and professional engineer certification in the field of Mechanical Engineering. To date, he has filed 17 patents besides winning more than 30 prestigious innovation awards globally and locally including, Malaysia Best Innovation award, University Best Research award, University Best Innovation & Commercialization award, while having three of his own technologies been successfully commercialised. He has published more than 150 articles in indexed journals, proceedings and books. He is the Editorial Board Member and Reviewer for more than 20 reputable international journals and conferences. His area of interest is Innovative Engineering.

Abstract:

The fact of pneumatic tire loses about 15 kPa of pressure every month regardless of brand and price are not realised by many of us. Incorrect pressure often leads to catastrophic tire failure which causes major road accidents and loss of lives. Many of us overlook that a correct tire pressure can actually save fuel up to 10%, increase 30% of braking performance, and increase 9 months of tire life span besides able to reduce exhaust gas emission to the environment. Therefore, researchers worldwide are moving towards developing solutions to sustain tire pressure where, the endurance of it is airless tires/wheel. To date, there yet to be a fully commercialized of such technology due to major challenges of the intermediary structure which connects outer ring and central hub. On the other hand, repairing of the damaged sub-structure which reacts as a tire is also seen as one of the major defying matter. Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) with the expertise in tire technology, has embarked toward developing advanced tire pressure sustaining technology as shown in Figure 1 where, few solutions were successfully developed and commercialised to date. Started with Automatic Tire Pressure Controller (ATPC) in 2004 and through various phases and designs, we have now conceptualized a novel Modular Airless Wheel System (MAWS) which is seen potential to be a new technology towards next generation wheel. The system which is expected to play a perfect role as a pneumatic tire, comes with outer padding which can be replaced should there be wear and tear or damage. The research is also looking into the possibilities where the pads can be designed to replace according to road conditions. The MAWS is expected to go through few collaboration work with industries and Universities to further enhance and develop a holistic total solution for safe driving.

Keynote Forum

Gareth Davies

University of South Wales, UK

Keynote: Cyber investiagtions: digital forensics & automobile electronics II

Time : 10:40-11:20

OMICS International Automobile 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Gareth Davies photo
Biography:

Gareth is a Senior Lecturer (Digital Forensics) and Researcher at University of South Wales. The main focus of his research is the forensic analysis of physical data storage technologies, in particular data recovery of malfunctioning hardware such as hard disk drives & memory chip-based devices. Over the past eight years, he has built a name for himself as a Consultant and Investigator on forensic and evidential recovery cases. Clients include UK Cyber Crime Units, The National Crime Agency, Government and large commercial organisations. He is registered as an expert in Forensic Data Recovery on the National Crime Agency database. He has organised international conferences and regular workshops to demonstrate new research & cutting edge technologies to the law enforcement community. He is also a committee member of the Association of Digital Forensics, Security and Law (ADFSL) based in the USA.

Abstract:

Today’s vehicles are fitted with systems that deliver a more connected driving experience than ever before, with many automobile companies rolling out systems capable of synchronising with both the owner’s and passenger’s device(s) via wired and wireless interfaces. This makes for a vehicle environment in which advanced device interactivity becomes possible.What’s more, most of the in-car systems are connected to the CAN bus – a dedicated central network on which the various ECU components communicate. With this in mind, it is believed that the systems in question have the potential to generate and maintain evidence that may be of digital forensic value. Considering the nature of forensics, it is paramount for emerging technology to be identified and investigated early. Research work undertaken into three different vehicle infotainment systems–namely the Ford Sync module, Volkswagen, and Mercedes are discussed. The results of said research are surprising with large amounts of relevant data pulled from the systems– certainly enough to entice the field on bringing more attention to the subject of cyber security and cyber vehicle forensics. In recent years the focus on infotainment system and assisted driving have pushed the automobile industry towards a more synchronised environment. Owners are now able to not only access what can now be considered as simple features reading content from CDs/DVDs/SD Cards/USBs, but also carry out more advanced operations such as, using in-built GPS navigation, pairing their mobile devices for app utilisation; accessing calls/texts and other app communications, surfing the web via an inbuilt SIM card and web browser, or even performing basic vehicle operations such as locking/unlocking/honking via an app that connects the owner's mobile device to the vehicle. Creating such a synchronised environment and by introducing additional data channels it is likely that a wealth of relevant forensics information is in existentence on various car platforms, which could provide value in an investigation, however, with the many different infotainment systems and manufacturers, paired with the current lack of research and focus in this area
of forensics, data acquisition is difficult, oftern unreliable and certainly a challenge to interpret from these bespoke systems.

  • Fuel Economy | Alternate Energy Sources | Automotive Electronics | Tire Science and Technology | Automotive Cyber Security | Automotive Ergonomics | Noise, Vibration and Harshness (NVH) in Automobiles
Location: Best Western Premier, Airporthotel Fontane Berlin
Speaker

Chair

Gareth Davies

University of South Wales, UK

Speaker

Co-Chair

Sivarao Subramonian

Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Malaysia

Session Introduction

Andreea Balau

TNO, Netherlands

Title: Next steps towards clean heavy-duty transport: new tools and methodologies are needed

Time : 11:40-12:15

Speaker
Biography:

Andreea Balau has completed her PhD in System Engineering at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi. As a PhD student,She worked in the framework of the EU co-financed BRAIN project “Invest in Intelligence”, her research focused on automotive driveline modelling and control and she was part-time teaching assistant on System Theory and Control Engineering topics. She is currently employed by TNO, the Dutch Organization of Applied Research, in the Powertrains
department. Her activities are related to after treatment modeling and control topics, predictive powertrain control topics and project leading roles. She is currently involved in different European projects like Transformers, EMC2, EcoDriver, HiFi-ELEMENTS and CERBERO.

Abstract:

The automotive market is currently undergoing two major transitions: Automation and Electrification, striving for cleaner and more efficient transportation solutions. As the vehicles transition from mostly mechanical systems to a complex mix of mechanical, electrical and software components, new challenges arise in the development processes around them. Advanced vehicle control strategies including automation, with their increasingly sophisticated ECU’s and sensors, pose challenges on development, verification and robustness, requiring advanced tools and facilities. These rely on various combinations of modelling and testing to accelerate complete development cycles. Vehicle electrification, together with green energy sources, offers a good outlook toward reducing the CO2 transport emission. Different battery technology defines the challenges for scaling up this technology. Battery prices drop significantly with new developments and wider usage. Whether the electrification of heavy duty transport targets full electric vehicles, already making their way on the market (e.g. electric buses and delivery trucks) or hybrid solutions (e.g. for long haul applications, although competing full-electric concepts are slowly emerging: e.g. Nikola One, Tesla Semi), a stronger focus on battery technology, modelling and control (including predictive thermal and charge management) is needed. This comes in the form of mixed simulation and testing, and requires strong links to the intended application. The pleanary speech will address these major transitions of the automotive world, and will provide more isight via a relevant case study.

Philipp Sandner

Frankfurt School Blockchain Center, Germany

Title: Applying blockchain technology to sharing economy models such as car sharing and mobility

Time : 12:15-12:50

Speaker
Biography:

Philipp Sandner is Head of the Frankfurt School Blockchain Center at the Frankfurt School of Finance and Management. The center was launched in February 2017 and analyzes implications of blockchain technology on companies and business models. It provides a platform for decision makers, startups, technology experts and industry professionals to exchange their knowledge and share their visions. He is a member of the FinTechRat of the Federal Ministry of Finance. His expertise in particular includes Blockchain Technology and its application in various industries but also concerns Digitization, Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management. Further, his core topics are Corporate Entrepreneurship, Digital Transformation, Fintech Startups and Intellectual Property Rights.

Abstract:

The sharing economy has gained in popularity in the recent years. More specifically, shared and on-demand goods such as bikes,cars, flat rooms or working spaces are increasing substantially in urban cities and promising solving optimization problems related to space, time and expenses, which are the most prevailing factors when living in a city. However, agency theory suggests that the relationship between service providers and governments comes with difficulties optimizing the merit model. This is where blockchain technology has a big potential to solve existing conflicts and inefficiencies by removing the need for intermediaries and substituting them with an automated, secure and self-sovereign transaction technology, such as Smart Contracts using the Ethereum blockchain. Additionally, embedding intelligence to shared products by connecting devices to the internet and “enabling them to sense, monitor, and authorize transfers between users, firms can economically participate in the collaborative consumption of their goods…”(Weber, T.A., 2017). This product intelligence, when used actively for collaborative consumption, can narrow down the gap between retail prices and the equilibrium, due to the tendency of decreasing ownership status. For now, retailers do profit most in the sharing economy from high-cost units and patient consumers. Also, a peer-to-peer economy tends to increase the consumer surplus and social welfare, which might become stronger when adding IoT and blockchain technology as additional components. Partly, this has socio-economically reasons and partly can be contributed to an improvement of environmental aspects. A study conducted with 363 car sharing participants in the Netherlands, has shown that there was a drop of 30% in car ownership as well as a 20% drop in car use. This has lead to a reduction of up to 390 kilograms of individual CO2 production per year.

Jared Moore

Meridian Energy Policy, USA

Title: Fuel-cell plug-in hybrids and the thermal hydrogen economy

Time : 12:50-13:25

Speaker
Biography:

Jared Moore is an independent energy consultant based in Washington DC advising on economy-wide decarbonization. He has published his papers in multiple peer reviewed journals including Environmental Science and Technology, Environmental Research Letters, Energy Procedia (GHGT-12), and the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. He is also a contributing author of the book “Variable Renewable Energy and the Electricity Grid”. He has completed his BS in Mechanical Engineering from Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology in 2008 and a PhD in Engineering and Public Policy from Carnegie Mellon University in 2014.

Abstract:

Thermal Hydrogen is an energy economy engineered to enable economy-wide decarbonization through new chemical energy carriers. The economy is built upon the principle of using both byproducts of water (or CO2) electrolysis hydrogen (or CO) and pure oxygen. The pure oxygen is used to enable emissions free hydrocarbon utilization without “Carbon Capture”, just sequestration. The energy carrier produced from electrolysis is combined with the output of auto-thermal reforming to produce either methanol or ammonia. The methanol is envisioned to provide electric range for battery electric vehicles by using a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The heat from the SOFC reforms the methanol back to syngas, and the syngas is oxidized and produces both electricity and heat. The purpose of using an SOFC is to enable oxidation of syngas rather than pure oxygen. SOFC’s also allow the products to be limited to CO2 and H2O, also known as carbonated water. Given the ease of handling carbonated water, it is envisioned to be stored onboard the vehicle and returned to the gas station for eventual sequestration and recycling. The advantage of plug-in hybrid SOFC vehicle is not limited to turning CO2 emissions into water production. Plug-hybrid SOFC vehicles require only a very small battery (for acceleration) and a very small fuel cell (for range). Just a 10-kWh battery is sufficient to provide acceleration (~110 kW) and range of ~50 km. The medium sized battery provides acceleration while the fuel cell provides heat and range with just a ~10 kW fuel cell.
Overall, the car provides the best of both electric and hydrocarbon worlds—lightweight, electric torque, and instantly refuellable.

Yasunori Ota

Value Engineering Trainer, Japan

Title: Value engineering activity

Time : 13:25-14:00

Speaker
Biography:

Yasunori Ota is a value Engineering Trainer and has been practicing VE since 10 years. In relation to cost planning in particular, he took initiative in increasing
profitability by coordinating target value in the procurement, design, and production technology departments, providing a list of items for cost reduction, and
managing their progress.

Abstract:

This presentation introduces two specific approaches regarding the Value Engineering (VE) method - benchmarking VE and drawing VE. I have been concerned about how to come up with good ideas effectively. I have used various methods by trial and error in idea generation sessions. By doing so, I noticed two methods proved to be effective. One is benchmarking VE. It is used at the early development stage in order to coordinate the relationship between function and parts. Further, by applying this method to your competitors function and parts, you are able to ascertain the strengths and weaknesses of your company and you can think good idea from comparison contents. The other is drawing VE. It can be used before, during, and after production. Specifically, it reexamines the role of the instructions in the drawing (materials, dimensional tolerance, function of thickness, thickness of the board, post-processing). And you can think cost reduction idea from re-examines the role of the instructions in the drawing. Based on this, the method allows you to develop new solutions. I share these methods with other VE practitioners around the world in order to contribute to the promotion of VE.

Taewon Park

Ajou University, South Korea

Title: Design of brake pads using a shape optimization for reducing uneven wear

Time : 15:00-15:35

Speaker
Biography:

Taewon Park has expertise in analyzing mechanical system using computer aided design and simulation. He has developed a lot of multi-body dynamics (MBD)
programs based on rigid dynamics and flexible dynamics theories. The MBD program proposes an analytical model that can predict the dynamic behavior of the
system without making actual systems, which is of great significance in analyzing and evaluating the mechanical systems. Also, he proposed improved performance system based on optimization design and control design about analytical model.

Abstract:

The brake pads play a role in reducing the vehicle's velocity through frictional contact with a rotating disc. At this time, nonuniform contact pressure distribution is formed at the leading surface of the brake pad’s friction area. The non-uniform contact pressure distribution of the brake pads causes uneven wear of the brake pad. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to propose a design of a shape optimization method that minimizes the non-uniform contact pressure distribution. A phenomenon of the brake pad’s non-uniform contact pressure distribution was implemented from a coupled thermal-mechanical analysis using the finite element analysis model. Design variables and constraints were selected for shape optimization. The objective function is a quadratic regression model function that minimizes the non-uniform contact pressure distribution. The optimum value and the quadratic regression model function were verified through the analysis of variance table. Also, by using the verified quadratic regression model function, the non-uniform contact pressure distribution can be easily predicted by substituting design variable values without the coupled thermal-mechanical analysis. The amount of wear on the brake pads can be measured through brake dynamometer test. As a result of the test, the amount of wear at the leading surface of the friction area was high. Also, the uneven wear of the shapeoptimized pad was less than that of the original pad. In conclusion, the non-uniform contact pressure distribution of the brake pad was realized through the coupled thermal-mechanical analysis. The shape optimization was performed by deriving the quadratic regression model function which is the objective function using the analysis results. Finally, the reduction of the brake pad’s uneven wear was confirmed through the test.